Altitude - 1,470 to 1,650 metres
Location - Santa Ana municipality
Preparation - wet processed
Varietal - Almost entirely Bourbon
Owners - Lya Castaneda
Certification - Rainforest Alliance.
Harvest - January to March
Shipment - April to June
Finca Bosque Lya
Finca Bosque Lya achieved world fame in coffee circles when it took first place in the 2004 Cup of Excellence. Of course the competition’s focus is all about cupping but if extra points were awarded for a farm’s beauty then Bosque Lya would be in an even stronger position. This is a 96 hectare farm -
Finca Bosque Lya is situated in the municipality of Santa Ana on the foothills of the Ilamatepec Volcano (or Santa Ana Volcano as it now more commonly known) in the Apaneca Mountain range of western El Salvador. The farm was established in 1932 when Gustavo Vides Valdes named his property in honour of his newly born daughter, Lya. The farm name Bosque Lya translates to -
Bourbon is the most prevalent variety – mainly red though but there is a little orange and yellow too -
Careful selection of ripe red to almost burgundy cherries are harvested between January and March and are transported directly to the El Borbillon Mill close to Santa Ana, where they are pulped and washed before being sun dried on patios. The beans are then stored in ‘pergamino’ (still in parchment) until the time of shipment, a process that helps the development of flavour. They are then dry-
In Central America El Salvador has the nickname, ‘Pulgarcito’, which means little thumb and is of course a reference to the tiny size of this important coffee producing nation. But if the best things come in small parcels then El Salvador is no exception as packed into this little country there are some of the best farms in the whole of Latin America. Many that are capable of scoring very highly on the cupping table. More than half of the nation’s coffee is Bourbon so there is plenty of sweetness, complexity and high acid coffee being produced. Around 90% of the country’s coffee is shade grown, which maintains the rich biodiversity that thrives in rural El Salvador.
This is a land of volcanoes, many of them active, so the soil is rich and fertile whilst the views are often strikingly beautiful and always dramatic. Volcan Santa Ana is the largest but Izalco, with its typical conical shape, is a national icon. Such conditions are perfect for the production of high quality coffee.
There are good coffees grown throughout El Salvador but at Falcon Speciality we are drawn to those of the Apaneca Mountain Range in the west, since it is these that have such incredible character.
Acidity: 7.5 - 8.5 - Good, bright acidity.
Sweetness: 8 - 8.5 - Nicely balanced sweetness throughout the cup.
Character: 8 - 8.5 - Berries, honey and a little jasmine.
Body: 8 - 8.5 - Varies according to roast.
Balance: 8 - 8.5 - Very good balance even at a medium roast.